Multiple case study designs

The objective of this paper is to discuss the specificity of multiple case study MCS research design using analysis of research description realized according to this strategy in the field of place branding and place marketing published between and in scholarly journals.

The choice of a case study as a research strategy and limitations of the studies are less frequently justified in investigated papers.

qualitative multiple case study design

Our analysis shows that the authors should pay more attention to elements characteristic for methodological rigour in their descriptions of the research method. For this purpose, we prepared a checklist. We have discussed in detail key methodological issues for MCS. It should lead to an increase in methodological rigour in future research reports. Therefore, researchers will find out suggestions for studying phenomena within place branding domain. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Rent this article via DeepDyve. Acharya, A. Place branding research: A thematic review and future research agenda. International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing 13 3 : — Aitken, R.

The four Rs of place branding. Journal of Marketing Management 27 9—10 : — Anholt, S. Competitive identity: The new brand management for countries, regions and cities. Basingstoke: Palgrave-Macmillan. Google Scholar. Definitions of place branding—Working towards a resolution. Place Branding and Public Diplomacy 6 1 : 1— Ashworth, G.

Kavaratzis eds. Towards effective place brand management: Branding european cities and regions. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. Accessed 11 Dec Baker, B. Destination branding for small cities: The essentials for successful place branding.

multiple case study designs

Portland: Creative Leap Books. Baxter, P. Qualitative case study methodology: Study design and implementation for novice researchers. The Qualitative Report 13 4 : — Statement on qualitative research in journals BPS. Accessed 9 May Bryman, A.

Business research methods2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Charmaz, K.Klik hierop voor meer Nederlandstalige informatie over "Omgaan met ongeschreven regels". A very extensive summary of Robert K. A lot of research has been done about this tension. See Amazon.

Yin distinguishes the following activities when doing a case study research: 1. Plan 2. Design 3. Prepare and share your preparation 4. Collect sometimes going back to Design when collecting data 5. Analyse 6. A further goal is tob ring the case study to closure by writing a compelling report or book.

Important is to follow a rigorous methodological path. Equally important is a dedication to formal and explicit procedures when doing your research. Also be aware of tha fact that different social science research methods fill different needs and situations for investigating social topics.

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The focus is non understanding these social phenomenons. A common misinterpretation is that the various research methods should be arrayed hierarchically.

This hierarchical view, however, may be questioned. Some of the best and most famous case studies have been explanatory case studies f. Street Corner Society by Williman F.

When to use each method? If research focusses on what questions, either of two positions arises.A multiple baseline design is used in medical, psychological, and biological research. It has several advantages over AB designswhich only measure a single case. The start of treatment conditions is staggered started at different times across individuals. Because treatment is started at different times, changes are attributable to the treatment rather than to a chance factor.

By gathering data from many subjects instancesinferences can be made about the likeliness that the measured trait generalizes to a greater population. In multiple baseline designs, the experimenter starts by measuring a trait of interest, then applies a treatment before measuring that trait again.

Treatment does not begin until a stable baseline has been recorded, and does not finish until measures regain stability. Multiple base-line experiments are most commonly used in cases where the dependent variable is not expected to return to normal after the treatment has been applied, or when medical reasons forbid the withdrawal of a treatment.

They often employ particular methods or recruiting participants. Multiple baseline designs are associated with potential confounds introduced by experimenter bias, which must be addressed to preserve objectivity. Particularly, researchers are advised to develop all test schedules and data collection limits beforehand.

Although multiple baseline designs may employ any method of recruitment, it is often associated with "ex post facto" recruitment. This is because multiple baselines can provide data regarding the consensus of a treatment response. Such data can often not be gathered from ABA reversal designs for ethical or learning reasons. Experimenters are advised not to remove cases that do not exactly fit their criteria, as this may introduce sampling bias and threaten validity. This is because a control group may necessarily be selected from a discrete separate population.

This research design is thus considered a quasi-experimental design. Multiple baseline studies are often categorized as either concurrent or nonconcurrent. This strategy is advantageous because it moderates several threats to validityand history effects in particular. The ability to retrieve complete data sets within well defined time constraints is a valuable asset while planning research. Nonconcurrent multiple baseline studies apply treatment to several individuals at delayed intervals.

This has the advantage of greater flexibility in recruitment of participants and testing location.

Single case studies vs. multiple case studies: A comparative study

For this reason, perhaps, nonconcurrent multiple baseline experiments are recommended for research in an educational setting. Although multiple baseline experimental designs compensate for many of the issues inherent in ex post facto recruitment, experimental manipulation of a trait gathered by this method may not be manipulated.

Thus these studies are prevented from inferring causation if there are no phases to demonstrate reversibility. However, if such phases are included as is the standard of experimentationthey can successfully demonstrate causation.To browse Academia.

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Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. Gonzales Rodri A short summary of this paper. Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal 12, 59—60 available at www. Case Study Research: Design Generally speaking, case study methods are used to and Methods, Fourth Edition, Applied Social probe deeply and intensively to gain insight and under- standings of phenomena that are new, not-understood, Research Methods, Volume 5, Sage Publications or unexamined.

They can provide a powerful story to illustrate a particular social context or phenomenon. Yin is an internationally acclaimed expert in case study research methods. The text consists of six chapters, each The terms case, case study, and case methods are famil- building on highly successful earlier editions. It begins with iar to most people, and are frequently used interchangeably. Following on, the text explores how to design of authors.

Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. To do so, Yin explains the overall approach study researchers, and is available internationally from Sage of the entire case research process diagrammatically. He Publications www. It exemplars more than 50 case studies, and draws the readers attention to the Conflict of interest value case studies have mixed methods research design, and how they can accommodate various disciplinary and None.

The book draws of exemplary case studies from a variety of academic and applied fields Funding interest of research, providing the reader with ready access to real world examples that maximizes the learning experience. It None.There are several different types of case studies, as well as several types of subjects of case studies.

We will investigate each type in this article.

multiple case study designs

It is also possible for types of case studies to overlap each other. Each of the following types of cases can be used in any field or discipline. Whether it is psychology, business or the arts, the type of case study can apply to any field. The explanatory case study focuses on an explanation for a question or a phenomenon. The results are not up for interpretation. A case study with a person or group would not be explanatory, as with humans, there will always be variables.

There are always small variances that cannot be explained. However, event case studies can be explanatory. For example, let's say a certain automobile has a series of crashes that are caused by faulty brakes.

All of the crashes are a result of brakes not being effective on icy roads. What kind of case study is explanatory? Think of an example of an explanatory case study that could be done today. When developing the case study, the researcher will explain the crash, and the detailed causes of the brake failure.

They will investigate what actions caused the brakes to fail, and what actions could have been taken to prevent the failure. Other car companies could then use this case study to better understand what makes brakes fail. When designing safer products, looking to past failures is an excellent way to ensure similar mistakes are not made. The same can be said for other safety issues in cars. There was a time when cars did not have seatbelts.

The process to get seatbelts required in all cars started with a case study! The same can be said about airbags and collapsible steering columns. They all began with a case study that lead to larger research, and eventual change. An exploratory case study is usually the precursor to a formal, large-scale research project. The case study's goal is to prove that further investigation is necessary. For example, an exploratory case study could be done on veterans coming home from active combat.

Beyond that, they do not know if certain wartime activities are more likely to contribute to PTSD than others. For an exploratory case study, the researcher could develop a study that certain war events are more likely to cause PTSD.

multiple case study designs

Once that is demonstrated, a large-scale research project could be done to determine which events are most likely to cause PTSD. Exploratory case studies are very popular in psychology and the social sciences.

Psychologists are always looking for better ways to treat their patients, and exploratory studies allow them to research new ideas or theories.

Multiple-Case Studies or Collective Studies. Multiple case or collective studies use information from different studies to formulate the case for a new study. The use of past studies allows additional information without needing to spend more time and money on additional studies. Using the PTSD issue again is an excellent example of a collective study. When studying what contributes most to wartime PTSD, a researcher could use case studies from different war.

Furthermore, this type of study could uncover differences as well. For example, a researcher might find that veterans who serve in the Middle East are more likely to suffer a certain type of ailment.Before beginning your paper, you need to decide how you plan to design the study.

The research design refers to the overall strategy that you choose to integrate the different components of the study in a coherent and logical way, thereby, ensuring you will effectively address the research problem; it constitutes the blueprint for the collection, measurement, and analysis of data.

Note that the research problem determines the type of design you should use, not the other way around! De Vaus, D. Research Design in Social Research. Research Methods Knowledge Base. The function of a research design is to ensure that the evidence obtained enables you to effectively address the research problem logically and as unambiguously as possible.

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In social sciences research, obtaining information relevant to the research problem generally entails specifying the type of evidence needed to test a theory, to evaluate a program, or to accurately describe and assess meaning related to an observable phenomenon.

With this in mind, a common mistake made by researchers is that they begin their investigations far too early, before they have thought critically about what information is required to address the research problem. Without attending to these design issues beforehand, the overall research problem will not be adequately addressed and any conclusions drawn will run the risk of being weak and unconvincing.

As a consequence, the overall validity of the study will be undermined. The length and complexity of describing research designs in your paper can vary considerably, but any well-developed description will achieve the following :.

The research design is usually incorporated into the introduction. You can get an overall sense of what to do by reviewing the literature of studies that have utilized the same research design. The Research Methods Online database contains links to more thanpages of SAGE publisher's book, journal, and reference content on quantitative, qualitative, and mixed research methodologies.

Also included is a collection of case studies of social research projects that can be used to help you better understand abstract or complex methodological concepts. The Research Methods Videos database contains hours of tutorials, interviews, video case studies, and mini-documentaries covering the entire research process.

Creswell, John W. David Creswell. Practical Research: Planning and Design. Tenth edition. Paul, Dianna C. Gardner, and Lynne M. When to Use What Research Design. New York: Guilford, Definition and Purpose. The essentials of action research design follow a characteristic cycle whereby initially an exploratory stance is adopted, where an understanding of a problem is developed and plans are made for some form of interventionary strategy.

Then the intervention is carried out [the "action" in action research] during which time, pertinent observations are collected in various forms. The new interventional strategies are carried out, and this cyclic process repeats, continuing until a sufficient understanding of [or a valid implementation solution for] the problem is achieved.

The protocol is iterative or cyclical in nature and is intended to foster deeper understanding of a given situation, starting with conceptualizing and particularizing the problem and moving through several interventions and evaluations. What do these studies tell you? What these studies don't tell you? Coghlan, David and Mary Brydon-Miller. The Sage Encyclopedia of Action Research. New York: Guilford, ; Gall, Meredith. Educational Research: An Introduction.

Chapter 18, Action Research. Norman Denzin and Yvonna S.Qualitative multiple case study design. Note that there are many approaches and styles to case study research.

For this qualitative multiple case study research design, organizational users of the CitSci. There was a time when cars did not have seatbelts. These demands increase the methodological rigor of qualitative research and the discipline's receptivity to it.

multiple case study designs

Let's go on a journey and learn how to conduct case studies! A comparative case study is a research approach to formulate or assess generalizations that extend across multiple cases. Januar von Franziska Pfeiffer. Qualitative research makes use of inquiry orientation which covers many forms of inquiry Punch, Would the two cases together comprise a stronger case study?

Unlike ethnographic research, case studies do not necessarily focus on cultural aspects of a group or its members.

What is case study and how to conduct case study research

His first book on the case study method, Case Study Research: Design and Methods is in its fifth edition. It will further answer the benefits and disadvantages with the different types. Case studies may be included in larger quantitative or qualitative studies to provide a concrete illustration of findings, or they may be conducted independently, either longitudinally or in a more limited temporal period.

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Case study research can mean single and multiple case studies, can include quantitative evidence, relies on multiple sources of evidence, and benefits from the prior development of theoretical propositions. The same can be said for other safety issues in cars.

The posting below looks at, as the title suggests, the strengths and limitations of case studies research. Single vs multiple case design. Qualitative researchers may feel obliged to build internal comparisons into their research design with multiple research sites and subgroups, or to include some systematic quantitative analysis to bolster their qualitative arguments.

This chapter focuses primarily on case studies that rely on qualitative methods; more advanced readings are listed at the end under Key Resources. Literature based dissertation examples tips for writing an admissions essay. However, the identification of sub-units allows for a more detailed level of inquiry. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube.

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Why Use Multiple Sources of Evidence. Challenges that occur for each procedure will also be discussed. Yin received his B. In a multiple-case studies design, effects are studied between and within participants based on the context of the behavior.

A carefully selected sample of several participants is selected to allow for cross-case comparisons. He has edited two case study anthologies Yin, ; and and has most recently authored a new text on qualitative research methods Yin, Qualitative multiple case study design rating. A variety of case-study designs are available to select from. Keywords: Qualitative case study research; experimental method; qualitative research design Introduction Much is sometimes made of the distinctions between qualitative and quantitative research design and the development of the enquiry process.

Aktualisiert am The road to success is always under construction. By placing greater emphasis on your documents and archival records, you may better confirm the findings from the interview transcripts. Qualitative multiple case study design Tatiana Stepanova.


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